The Lipan Apache Tribe Community Page
Museum and Cultural Center
2601 Buddy Owens Blvd, McAllen, TX
Visits by Appointment Only, Call (956) 648-9336
All Research Credit: Nancy McGowen Minor



    Museum Keeper

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    Lipan Name
The name Lipan means “The Light Gray People.” It comes from the Lipan word for a light gray color (kleh-pai) and the word for The People or The Tribe (indeh or ndé).


    Lipan Bands
When the Lipans migrated into Texas in the 1600’s, they migrated as one tribal unit. However, after they came to Texas, they divided into two large divisions.


    Homeland
The Lipan Apaches came to Texas in the 1600’s because they were looking for a homeland which contained buffalo and deer to hunt, plant foods which could be gathered and fertile river banks where they could plant corn and squash.


    Everyday Life
The Lipans hunted a variety of animals and gathered a great variety of plant foods. Their primary source of meat was the buffalo, which they hunted twice a year in hunts which were called carneadas by the Spanish.


    Lipan Chiefs
Flacco, Poca Ropa, Cuelgas de Castro, Costalites, and Magoosh are five great chiefs of the Lipan Apaches whos feats were documented by non-natives of their times.


    Lipan Weapons
The primary Lipan offensive weapons were the bow, (called tcéc éhl’khiän), the arrow (called k’há) and the lance (called tchá tche shě). Only men were allowed to construct these items...


    Resources
The Lipan Apaches were traditional hunters and gatherers who practiced limited agriculture. The Lipan traded buffalo and deer hides for sugar, tobacco and chili peppers with the Spanish.


    Spanish Contact
When the Spanish founded a mission and presidio at San Antonio in 1718, they knew there were Apaches in Texas, but they believed that they lived at least two hundred miles to the north.


    Mexico
When Mexican patriots in Texas took up the grito of Father Manuel Hidalgo of Dolores for the independence of Mexico from Spain, the Lipans backed the patriots.


    Texas Republic
The Lipans enjoyed a rare decade of peace under the Republic of Texas (1836-1845). The government formally recognized the Lipan Apaches as friends,...


    Treaties & Attacks
Once Texas became a state in 1846, the Comanches began pressuring the government to address what they saw as special treatment being given to the Lipans,...


    War
By 1873, so many Texas settlers were complaining that the Lipans in Mexico were crossing the Rio Grande to raid in Texas that the U.S. military decided to take action.


    Assimilation
In 1850, a severe smallpox epidemic at San Antonio caused a small Lipan ranchería led by Chief Magoosh to seek refuge with the Mescalero Apaches in New Mexico.


    Veterans
Lipan Apaches have served proudly and honorably for over 250 years as scouts and soldiers. As early as 1750, the Spanish at San Antonio used Lipan scouts...





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Lipan Apache Tribe of Texas
P.O. Box 5218
McAllen, Texas 78502
contact@lipanapache.org